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Cocaine Addiction and Bipolar Disorder

It's no secret that substance abuse is a widespread problem. The number of people struggling with substance abuse-related disorders has risen significantly in recent years, and as research continues, new and troubling trends are being discovered. Although the cocaine epidemic has been well-documented, the relationship between cocaine use and bipolar disorder has only recently been gaining more attention. This is not only a dangerous combination for the user, but for those who care about them.

The link between drug abuse and mental health is far more commonplace than many people may think. There are many instances of mental health disorders leading individuals to abuse drugs and become addicted to them. It's important to note that mental illness doesn't cause drug abuse, but rather, mental health disorders make it more likely for a person to become addicted to substances. Like any addiction, it's important for the person to seek treatment for the best results at the top rehabs in India. It's also important for them to have the support of friends and family through the recovery process while undergoing treatment at the best rehabilitation center for drug addiction.

Many people experiencing the painful symptoms of depression turn to alcohol or drugs to cope with their pain. The drug or alcohol use may temporarily distract them from their painful thoughts and feelings. Unfortunately, substance abusers tend to experience a feeling of euphoria when they use alcohol or drugs that can quickly turn into a psychological and physical dependence that then needs treatment at a drug addiction treatment in Delhi. Even worse, it can lead to drug abuse or addiction. The physical effects of alcohol and drug addiction can lead to medical complications, severe health problems, and even death. If you or someone you know is struggling with drug or alcohol addiction, help is available at the best depression and anxiety treatment centers in Delhi. Visit our website today to learn more about how to find treatment and begin the path to recovery at the best rehab in Delhi- Sanctum wellness and healing.

Substance abuse is one of the major problems that people face in all corners of the world. Reducing the effects of substance abuse on individuals and societies is a major goal for many governments, as well as numerous civic and charitable organizations, around the globe. The severity of the situation is a direct result of the fact that addiction is a brain disease. This can be a long-term, chronic condition that affects many aspects of not only the addict, but also their family and friends.

Being diagnosed with both a mental disorder and drug or alcohol addiction simultaneously is called dual diagnosis, and can pose huge challenges for an individual trying to end addiction. The co-occurrence of both disorders can create a wide variety of barriers that make treatment more difficult, but there are some ways to better cope such as the best luxury rehabs in Delhi. Several years ago, psychologists discovered that treating addiction as a dual disorder was more effective than treating addiction alone. At first, experts thought that treating a mental disorder would make substance abuse worse, but they were wrong. Combining drug and alcohol treatment with therapy alleviates the disordered thinking that can be caused by the mental illness and addiction. Combined, mental health treatment and substance abuse treatment makes for more effective recovery which is available at the best alcohol rehabs in India.

When drugs and alcohol are present in the body, they often interact with the neurotransmitter systems which are responsible for the control and regulation of both the voluntary and involuntary nervous system. The result of this interaction is a chemical imbalance in the brain. This can lead to changes in other neurotransmitters and hormones. Likewise, some of the most common mental illnesses, including anxiety and depression, can also lead to chemical imbalances in the brain. In fact, these chemical imbalances are often what lead people to self-medicate with drugs and alcohol in the first place. In these cases, the best course of action is to work with a professional treatment team to find the best course of treatment for both conditions at the best luxury rehabilitation centers in India. This way, there is a much better chance of recovery from both conditions and less risk of relapse in the future.

Fortunately, there are several treatment options available to people who are simultaneously struggling with substance use and mental illness. These are known as dual diagnosis treatment programs, and can address a number of co-occurring issues. One pairing that has become increasingly common, however, is the comorbidity of bipolar disorder and cocaine addiction.

The National Institute of Mental Health’s (NIMH) clinical definition for bipolar disorder, previously called manic depression, states that this condition is a mood disorder. Those who have this disorder often experience extreme and sudden mood swings. The NIMH goes on to state that people with bipolar disorder can alternate between both mania and depression. They can have depressive episodes, which are often times longer than manic episodes.

Those with bipolar disorder experience extreme mood swings; this is one of the most common symptoms that is associated with it. Furthermore, the frequency and severity of other symptoms that can be experienced with it differ from person to person. Common symptoms that are known to be linked with this condition include sleeplessness, a lack of appetite, inability to think clearly, and possible weight loss.

The drug is found in powder form and is typically snorted or mixed with water and injected. It is most often used by young adults and people in their early 20s. The drug can lead to paranoia, anxiety, and depression. Some long-term effects of the drug include tremors, seizures and muscle rigidity. There are also many physical effects that can occur such as nosebleeds, discolored teeth and the inability to sleep. Cocaine can also be extremely addictive, with many people becoming addicted after only one use. The drug is extremely expensive and is often mixed with other substances, including talcum powder, caffeine, and other illegal narcotics. If you or someone you know is abusing cocaine, there are treatment options available at the best rehabs in India.

Co-occurring disorders consisting of bipolar and cocaine use have become increasingly common. This is because the side effects of cocaine can help combat the depressive symptoms of bipolar disorder while amplifying the manic symptoms.

In addition, cocaine can affect the prefrontal region of the brain, [1] making patients with cocaine use disorder more disinhibited and impulsive. [2][3] Cocaine use is also associated with cognitive impairment, [4] poor quality of life,[5] worse social functioning, [5] and psychiatric comorbidities, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and suicide risk in a community sample of young adults. [6]

A recent systematic review showed that the comorbidity between substance use disorder (SUD) and BD is highly prevalent across different countries. [7]

Unfortunately, combining bipolar and cocaine addiction can have significant consequences over time, including the worsening of this mood disorder, as well as the development of additional physical and/or mental health conditions.

While it is not known if cocaine can cause bipolar disorder, there are studies that suggest that people with bipolar disorder are more likely to abuse cocaine than someone who doesn't suffer from this mental illness.

Because abusing cocaine can allow its users to experience a brief euphoric high, those with mental disorders may continue abusing this drug over an extended period of time, leading them to develop a dependency on the drug.

This can make stopping their use of this substance feel almost impossible, as the symptoms of their disorder can become so severe that continuing this drug use seems to be the only way they can get any sort of relief.

Of course, because of the way cocaine works, the longer someone with bipolar disorder abuses this drug, the less of an effect it will have for boosting their mood. Instead, their drug use may cause feelings of paranoia, irritation, and even suicidal ideations.

Those who abuse cocaine for an extended time, whether they have a co-occurring disorder or not, often benefit from a medical detox setting at the best drug and alcohol detox center. This is due in large part to the correlation between stopping cocaine and severe depression as well as suicidal ideation. Being in a supervised detox facility at the top rehab centers in India can address these concerns and provide a foundation for lasting, healthy recovery from a cocaine use disorder.

Although it's important to treat both disorders, overcoming them with the right support can be very difficult. This is done by sticking to medication schedules, seeing a therapist, and attending support groups with people who have similar problems. There are a few different types of medications used to treat co-occurring disorders. Some of the most used are mood stabilizers, antipsychotics, and benzodiazepines. Each of these medications treats symptoms separately. For an accurate diagnosis of a co-occurring disorder, a psychiatrist will work with you to figure out the cause of your symptoms and then devise a proper treatment plan.

Among DSM axis I diagnoses, bipolar disorder (BD) has the highest rates of comorbid substance use disorders (SUDs). [8][9][10] Approximately 60% of patients with bipolar I disorder have a lifetime diagnosis of an SUD. Excluding tobacco, alcohol is the substance most often abused by BD patients, followed by cannabis, amphetamines, and cocaine. [8][9][10]

We're an addiction treatment center that helps people get sober- the best luxury rehab in India- Sanctum wellness and healing. It is important to choose the right recovery program for your needs and ours is ideal for anyone with an addiction to drugs or alcohol. Our representatives will help you find the right fit to help you heal. Call them now and they will help point you in the right direction at the top drug treatment center in India.


  1. 1. Cisler JM, Elton A, Kennedy AP et al. Altered functional connectivity of the insular cortex across prefrontal networks in cocaine addiction. Psychiatry Res. 2013; 213: 39–46.
  2. 2. Roncero C, Daigre C, Grau-López L et al. Cocaine-induced psychosis and impulsivity in cocaine-dependent patients. J. Addict. Dis. 2013; 32: 263–273.
  3. 3. García-Marchena N, Ladrón de Guevara-Miranda D, Pedraz M et al. Higher impulsivity as a distinctive trait of severe cocaine addiction among individuals treated for cocaine or alcohol use disorders. Front. Psychiatry 2018; 9: 26.
  4. 4. Spronk DB, van Wel JHP, Ramaekers JG, Verkes RJ. Characterizing the cognitive effects of cocaine: A comprehensive review. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 2013; 37: 1838–1859.
  5. 5. Narvaez JCM, Pechansky F, Jansen K et al. Quality of life, social functioning, family structure, and treatment history associated with crack cocaine use in youth from the general population. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. 2015; 37: 211–218.
  6. 6. Narvaez JCM, Jansen K, Pinheiro RT et al. Psychiatric and substanceuse comorbidities associated with lifetime crack cocaine use in young adults in the general population. Compr. Psychiatry 2014; 55: 1369–1376.
  7. 7. Hunt GE, Malhi GS, Cleary M, Lai HMX, Sitharthan T. Comorbidity of bipolar and substance use disorders in national surveys of general populations, 1990-2015: Systematic review and meta-analysis. J. Affect. Disord. 2016; 206: 321–330.
  8. 8. Regier DA, Farmer ME, Rae DS, et al. Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and other drug abuse. Results from the Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) Study. JAMA. 1990;264(19):2511-2518.
  9. 9. Kessler RC, Crum RM, Warner LA, et al. Lifetime cooccurrence of DSM-III-R alcohol abuse and dependence with other psychiatric disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1997;54(4):313-321.
  10. 10. Grant BF, Stinson FS, Hasin DS, et al. Prevalence, correlates, and comorbidity of bipolar I disorder and axis I and II disorders: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. J Clin Psychiatry. 2005;66(10):1205-1215.

AUTHOR - Dr. Danish Hussain (MBBS, MD Psychiatry, MIPS)
Dr. Danish received his M.D. Psychiatry and M.B.B.S. degrees from Rajiv Gandhi University of Medical Sciences (Bangalore, Karnataka). He has worked at the Manipal Multispecialty Hospitals Bangalore, following which has continued to undergo regular training from prestigious institutes from all over the world. Dr. Danish serves as Assistant Professor and Head of Department of Psychiatry at AFSMS & RC and is a member of Indian Psychiatric Society. Dr. Danish uses a holistic approach with his patients and brings his expertise at practice to treat varied behavioral health problems from Addiction disorders to Depression, Anxiety, Personality disorders and OCD. Dr. Danish’s goal is to educate and inform the public on addiction issues and help those in need of treatment find the best option for them. And with this being his consistent vision, he believes in de-stigmatizing the field of addiction psychiatry and rehabilitation center treatment in India and has been managing and working at a licensed dual-diagnosis facility in New Delhi. Through his contributions to he aims at providing licensed, professional rehabilitative care choices to patients and their families.

REVIEWED BY - Sudipta Rath (M. Phil in Clinical Psychology)
Sudipta Rath has completed her MPhil in clinical psychology from Utkal University in Odisha (India) in 2020 and is currently practicing in New Delhi as a clinical psychologist at dual diagnosis facility. She is a licensed RCI practitioner specializing in all forms of psychotherapy. Addiction and mental health are personal subjects for her, and her goal is that she can give a helping hand to those seeking healthy and lasting recovery.

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